innovation partners American Psychological Association Open Identity Exchange VIVO

About the Project

The Publish Trust Project examines the feasibility of adding trust values to online identities for authors of scholarly publications, thus enabling them to reliably aggregate previous and current works and connect with other experts in their field. Our first experiment uses VIVO as a semantic identity platform with the OIX Trust Framework to produce two-factor assertions of authorship from scholarly publishers of peer-reviewed works and authors.

Current Status

In 2013, the APA Trust Lab continued development of the Publish Trust Framework (PTF) as a scholarly identity platform that uses VIVO semantic data for human attribute exchange. VIVO institutions include major universities, government, scientific institutions and scholarly publishers. Our accomplishments include identification of a core set of variables comprised of machine, environment, human and machine networks, and policy measures to be used to evaluate the provenance of attributes.



  • Create strong semantic provenance for authorship
  • Disambiguate authors and their works
  • Produce Uniform Resource Identifiers (URIs) for author attributes
  • Make Resource Description Framework (RDF) payloads for URI delivery within a secure network
  • Create strong online peer circles for journal communities
  • Offer tools and best practices to support publishers of peer-reviewed works as the best source for two-factor assertions of authorship of scientific writing



Create transparent trust conditions for environments and assertions by:

  • Machine assurance for identity servers
  • Environment assurance for location security
  • Network assurance for security
  • Assurance for Identity server engineers, developers and administrators under identity protection oath
  • Attribute provider credentials - a transparent description of the attribute including a description of the  source, the relationship between the source and the account holder, and a definition of the attribute made transparent at the base URL for the attribute.  Example: URI =      

The OpenID Society provides a Registry for Identity Servers at and a URI generator for Identity Server administrators, developers and engineers at



  • Use government approved mail-back proofing method or InCommon Federation for account authorization.
  • Deliver user approved trust attributes on the account holder URI in JSON and RDF-XML formats.
  • Trust attributes move within a closed network where each attribute provider and consumer server is authorized by the Publish Trust Framework.
  • Exchange author attributes as authorized RDF-XML payloads which can be included within a VIVO instance.


Next Steps

  • Create trust relationship with Colorado University, Cornell University, and Indiana University as consumers of APA author attributes.
  • Consult with the Open Researcher Contributor ID (ORCID) developers to deploy a method of providing author attributes from APA to ORCID.
  • Engage the APA author community through use of semantic data to strengthen the peer circle, facilitate the review of scientific works and provide added value through harvesting the latest publications based on community search.



Success depends on authors' use of strong online trust assertions and on the value of new semantic analytic tools such as community network visualizations that help authors discover and contact collaborators. Publish Trust Framework provides a secure exchange and aggregation of researcher attributes for analysis through new semantic visualizations to extend the edges of science and facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration.


Project advances will be documented on this page. For more information, email